Rapid7 Vulnerability Management (2023)

Rapid7 Vulnerability Management (1)Understanding Risk at Every Layer

Rapid7’s vulnerability management solution, InsightVM, is built to anticipate these shifts in the way modern IT environments should be secured. In turn, InsightVM equips you to gain clarity into your risk, extend security’s influence across the organization, and see shared progress with other technical teams. Securing your infrastructure is a start, securing your entire attack surface is the main event.

Fast-track the development of your vulnerability risk management program with our Getting Started toolkit.

Vulnerability Management Best Practices

For a vulnerability management program to be truly effective, there are four key "pillars" that must be established:

Visibility of your complete IT environment

Effective vulnerability management starts with knowing what’s out there—this includes your local, remote, cloud, containerized, and virtual infrastructure. To ensure you’re not missing a single corner of your perimeter, it’s important that your vulnerability management solutiondynamically identifies and assesses assets as soon as they join your network, and identifies all of your externally-facing, internet-connected assets for a complete view of your risk. InsightVM received the highest possible scores for this capability in the Digital Footprinting criteria of the 2019 Forrester Wave™ for Vulnerability Risk Management (VRM).

Curious what vulnerability risk management looks like across a complete attack surface? Learn more.

(Video) Overview Video: InsightVM

Extensibility and technology integration

Your VRM solution must enable integration, orchestration, and automation of the tools and processes across your stack. InsightVM also received the highest possible scores in the Forrester Wave™ for its extensibility and Partner Ecosystem.

Reporting on the progress that matters most

Tracking the goals and metrics most relevant and impactful to your team is critical; so is communicating those milestones to peers and leadership. InsightVM is designed to track your progress and drive alignment across the organization.

Risk prioritization unique to your business

Identify and prioritize risk with complete coverage of your environment and the addition of business criticality to assets. InsightVM also received the highest possible score in the criteria of Vulnerability Enumeration and Risk-Based Prioritization.

Building a Modern Vulnerability Management Program and Proving Its Efficacy

Proving the efficacy of a vulnerability risk management program is based on successful execution in three crucial areas: gaining clarity into risk and across teams, extending security’s influence, and seeing shared progress. Let’s dive deeper into each of these.

To overcome traditionally tedious vuln management and prove value to leadership step-by-step, scale the mountain and read our Ebook, 4 Steps to Prove the Value of Your VM Program.

Gaining Clarity Into Risk and Across Teams

Not only do you need visibility into vulnerabilities, but you also need clarity into the operations, objectives, and impact of security programs for stakeholders across the organization. The result is a deeper understanding of risk and alignment towards common goals.

Achieve Visibility of Your Entire Attack Surface

Securing a modern environment requires full visibility into your entire attack surface, which includes on-premises, remote, cloud, virtual, and containerized assets. It even extends to the application layer. Monthly or quarterly vulnerability scans simply aren’t enough to keep up with attackers and your own shifting ecosystem; you have to go deeper to continuously monitor the modern network.

(Video) Whiteboard Wednesday: Vulnerability Management vs. Application Security

InsightVM and InsightIDR share a universal agent for collecting live vulnerability and user data from endpoints wherever they’re located, letting security teams closely analyze critical vulnerabilities and behavior trends with dynamic dashboards. These capabilities enable you to identify both the weakest entry points to your network and the fastest way to fix them. InsightVM directly integrates with cloud and virtual services like AWS, Azure, and VMWare to dynamically monitor your environment as it changes, and the universal agent can be embedded in images so that every new device spun up instantly starts phoning home with live agent data.Managing vulnerability risk also includes application-layer vulnerabilities, which have become the initial attack vector of choice for compromising overall IT ecosystems.

InsightVM integrates directly with Project Sonar, a Rapid7 research project that conducts internet-wide surveys across more than 70 different services and protocols to gain insights into global exposure to common vulnerabilities. Attack Surface Monitoring with Project Sonar in InsightVM enables you to identify and assess all external-facing assets, both known and unknown.

We know effective, smarter vulnerability management goes beyond just scanning, and InsightVM lets you do just that. Learn more about InsightVM’s unique approach to getting visibility into your dynamic environment.

Accurately Assess Your Ever-Changing Ecosystem

Once all assets in your environment are properly inventoried, you then need to assess them for risk. A good vulnerability risk management solution will be able to assess your environment with minimal impact to your network performance and a reduced number of false positives compared to other solutions on the market.

InsightVM looks at the assets in your environment and makes sure it understands them, their functions, and fingerprints. Based on the unique profile of each asset, InsightVM performs targeted vulnerability checks. In doing so, the overhead needed to run assessment, as well as false positives, are reduced.

It’s no longer enough to just assess servers and desktops. Cloud, virtual, and containerized assets need to be scanned for vulnerabilities as well. With Container Assessment capabilities in InsightVM, you can evaluate images stored in registries for vulnerabilities and during the CI/CD build process with plugins for tools like Jenkins. By discovering and correlating deployed containers to assets, you identify rogue containers while securing both containers and their hosts.

InsightVM also helps to protect your AWS infrastructure with Cloud Configuration Assessment by checking for common misconfigurations (such publicly accessible data storage—like S3 buckets), and comparing to the CIS AWS Foundation Benchmark, you can ensure your environment is configured in line with best practices.

(Video) Rapid7 InsightVM/Nexpose: Perform Vulnerability and Compliance Scan, configure sites, scan templates

Policy Assessment evaluates your assets against industry best practices such as CIS Benchmarks, DISA STIGS, and PCI to help determine your organization’s adherence and compliance to these standards.

Prioritize Vulnerabilities Like an Attacker

There's more to risk prioritization than just pinpointing vulnerabilities with the highest CVSS scores; determining where to focus your team's efforts requires you to account for malware exposure, exploit exposure, and vulnerability age into prioritizing vulnerabilities. InsightVM leverages a Real Risk Score that factors in the above criteria and adjusts to the criticality of certain assets in your unique environment. To keep you prepared in the face of active threats, Integrated Threat Feeds are included (at no cost) that show you critical, named vulnerabilities (such as celebrity zero-days) that are currently present in your environment. The feeds are informed by public data as well as proprietary threat intelligence and adversary research that’s continuously gathered under our own roof. Learn more about InsightVM’s unique approach to risk prioritization.

Extending Security's Influence

By enabling collaboration and influencing their peers in IT and development, security professionals using InsightVM can achieve a more efficient vulnerability risk management process. InsightVM provides the foundation for security teams to expand their influence and eliminate silos by having a common language and shared objectives.

Between the notifications of high criticality vulnerabilities and back-and-forth email communications that frequently come with vulnerability assessment, we don't often get to ask ourselves, "what is the true effectiveness of my vulnerability risk management program?" This question becomes increasingly difficult to answer when the completion of remediation tasks spans multiple teams and projects. This is where Goals and SLAs come in.

With Goals and SLAs in InsightVM, you can ensure that you're making (and tracking) progress toward your goals and service level agreements (SLAs) at an appropriate pace, and maintaining compliance with the standards you've set for your program.

Learn more about InsightVM’s unique ability to break down the silos of IT, Security, and DevOps teams below.

Seeing Shared Progress

Progress refers to advancing the security program at an organization. It’s about recognizing and celebrating goals reached that contribute to the reduction of risk. This results in accelerated achievement and support from leadership.

(Video) How Vulnerability Detection Works - InsightVM

More Efficient, Cross-Functional Remediation

Vulnerability remediation remains one of the most effective ways to decrease risk in your organizations, yet many organizations struggle with remediating even traditional infrastructure, making modern environments even larger blind spots. Remediation programs need to be as fluid and automated as the infrastructure they seek to secure. Therefore, it’s critical to integrate your vulnerability risk management process with internal ticketing tools and track SLAs so that remediation efforts can seamlessly fold into IT teams’ existing workloads, minimizing the manual finding and fixing of vulnerabilities.

Accelerating Vulnerability Management Through Automation

Security teams should also seek to automate the patching process itself as much as possible using integrations with ticketing tools and orchestration software to free up time. InsightVM provides IT-Integrated Remediation Projects that allow security teams to automatically work within their existing IT workflows, plan and monitor remediation progress live, and directly integrate with leading IT ticketing and patch management solutions. Take it one step further: With InsightVM, users can orchestrate action steps with patching tools to automate as much (or as little) of the patching process as they desire. Thinking, “But wait—most of my job is patching vulns! What do I do now?” You get to focus on more strategic security initiatives, rather than pulling and applying patches.

Even More Efficiency with Measuring and Reporting on Progress

Equally important to tracking progress made is communicating it effectively to technical and executive teams.

(Video) Vulnerability Management-101: Commercial and Free tools - Nessus, Rapid7 Nexpose, Qualys and OpenVAS

With Live Dashboards, you can easily create custom and full dashboards for every stakeholder and query each card with simple language to track progress of your security program. InsightVM also over static reports for stakeholders at all levels in the organizations, including leadership.

Query Builder in InsightVM lets you query assets, vulnerabilities, and solutions using an intuitive UI. In other words, slice and dice data without relying solely on complex query languages.


What would be the first step in a successful POC plan rapid7? ›

Four essential steps to execute an effective Proof of Concept (POC) for a Vulnerability Assessment tool: Prepare: Start by defining the scope of your vulnerability assessment (VA) initiative, including what you need to assess, how, and how often.

What is the best vulnerability scanner? ›

Top 14 Vulnerability Scanners for Cybersecurity Professionals
  • Nexpose. ...
  • Nmap. ...
  • OpenVAS. ...
  • Qualys Guard. ...
  • Qualys Web Application Scanner. ...
  • SAINT. ...
  • Tenable. ...
  • Tripwire IP360.

What are the 4 main types of vulnerability in cyber security? ›

Security Vulnerability Types
  • Network Vulnerabilities. These are issues with a network's hardware or software that expose it to possible intrusion by an outside party. ...
  • Operating System Vulnerabilities. ...
  • Human Vulnerabilities. ...
  • Process Vulnerabilities.

What is the correct order for vulnerability management life cycle? ›

Document a security plan, monitor suspicious activity, and describe known vulnerabilities. Remediate: Prioritize and fix vulnerabilities in order according to business risk. Establish controls and demonstrate progress. Verify: Verify that threats have been eliminated through follow-up audits.

How does Rapid7 work? ›

The Rapid7 Insight Platform collects data from across your environment, making it easy for teams to manage vulnerabilities, monitor for malicious behavior, investigate and shut down attacks, and automate your operations.

How do you learn vulnerability management? ›

What you'll learn
  1. Assessment of vulnerabilities in specific environments.
  2. Process of Vulnerability Management with different enterprise infrastructures.
  3. Understand the multiple frameworks associated with government and private industry infrastructures.
  4. Risk Management Framework.
  5. Certification and Accreditation.
  6. Risk Analysis.

What is Rapid7 scan? ›

Rapid7 provides deployment services and training to help you set up your entire vulnerability management process from scanning to remediation instruction. You can also let us hop into the driver's seat with our Managed Vulnerability Management service.

How do you fix vulnerabilities on an application? ›

Fixing vulnerabilities in applications
  1. Specify rules for update installation. ...
  2. Start installation at device restart or shutdown. ...
  3. Install required general system components. ...
  4. Allow installation of new application versions during updates. ...
  5. Download updates to device without installing. ...
  6. Enable advanced diagnostics.

Why do we need vulnerability management? ›

The purpose of a vulnerability management program is to keep your network safe from known exploitations and ensure it stays compliant with any regulatory requirements. It does this by analyzing your network for any incompatibilities, missed updates and common weaknesses within the software you use.

How many key steps are involved in vulnerability management? ›

The four continuous stages of identification, prioritization, remediation, and reporting are essential for an effective vulnerability management process.

What is the best free vulnerability scanner? ›

Top 10 Free Vulnerability Scanner Software in 2022
  • Nessus.
  • BurpSuite.
  • Intruder.
  • Acunetix by Invicti.
  • Beagle Security.
  • Orca Security.
  • Trend Micro Hybrid Cloud Security.
  • InsightVM (Nexpose)

What is the fastest running vulnerability scan? ›

SecPod SanerNow offers the fastest vulnerability scans in the industry. You can run scans and detect vulnerabilities across multiple devices in less than 5 mins.

What is a common drawback or weakness of a vulnerability scanner? ›

Drawbacks of vulnerability scanning tools

- The scanner is not aware of the vulnerability, for example because it has only just been discovered. - The vulnerability is too complex to be found by an automated tool because the attack is not trivial to automate.

What are the 6 types of vulnerability? ›

In a list that is intended to be exhaustively applicable to research subjects, six discrete types of vulnerability will be distinguished—cognitive, juridic, deferential, medical, allocational, and infrastructural.

What is the most common vulnerability? ›

What Are the OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities for 2022?
  1. Broken access control. ...
  2. Cryptographic failures. ...
  3. Injections. ...
  4. Insecure design. ...
  5. Security misconfigurations. ...
  6. Vulnerable and outdated components. ...
  7. Identification and authentication failures. ...
  8. Software and data integrity failures.
31 May 2022

What is the weakest vulnerability in organization? ›

Answer: Lack of communication or miscommunication is the weakest vulnerability in an organisation. Explanation: Improper communication leads to confusion and information is not passed in an efficient way that is either no information is passed or the information that is passed is incomplete.

How many phases are there in vulnerability management life cycle? ›

There are five main stages in the vulnerability management cycle include: Step 1.

What is the difference between vulnerability assessment and vulnerability management? ›

Vulnerability management is the overarching and ongoing strategy, while vulnerability assessments are a specific tool used within that broader management strategy.

What is a purpose of a vulnerability management framework? ›

Vulnerability management programs give companies a framework for managing these risks at scale, detecting vulnerabilities across the entire environment with greater speed. Meanwhile, analytics help organizations continually optimize the techniques they use for remediation.

What is POC success criteria? ›

PoC Success Criteria
  • Measures of success for PoC have been met and accepted by stakeholders.
  • Recommendation for Prototype phase developed.
  • Key personnel resources and skill requirements identified.
  • Process approach is defined.
  • Prototype Scope is defined.
  • High-level business features have been identified and prioritized.

How can a proof of concept be successful? ›

How to run a successful proof of concept – lessons from HubSpot
  1. Plan your approach to success.
  2. Set expectations and success criteria.
  3. Establish a partnership.
  4. Gather feedback, learn and evolve.

How do you lead a POC? ›

How to set up a proof of concept project
  1. Identify specific business cases and expectations for the new technology. ...
  2. Know your current performance baselines. ...
  3. Set your performance goals. ...
  4. Run your POC project. ...
  5. Track your metrics. ...
  6. Present the results to project stakeholders. ...
  7. Set your investment levels.
14 Aug 2019

How do you do POC in agile? ›

What is a proof of concept (PoC)?
  1. Check the value of an idea or a planned change.
  2. Confirm that the chosen development approach is correct.
  3. Determine the limitations of a solution and make sure it's technically possible.
  4. Check whether the solution matches the expectations of the target users.

What is POC implementation? ›

By implementing a POC, an organization lowers risks and increases confidence about the expenditure. A POC demonstrates the business value early in the process without requiring an upfront investment in the data and analytics technologies. The framework of a successful POC should take on these distinct actions: Define.

What does Main POC mean? ›

POC most commonly refers to: Person of color or people of color.

What is the difference between pilot and POC? ›

Pilot projects have a limited time. They are usually short-term in nature, and many of them must be terminated within a few months or weeks . POCs have different scenarios and can be run indefinitely. Some projects are started by the company owners, and they do not require any additional funds .

What is a POC model? ›

In a nutshell, a POC represents the evidence demonstrating that a project or product is feasible and worthy enough to justify the expenses needed to support and develop it. POC is therefore a prototype that is designed to determine feasibility, but does not represent deliverables.

What happens after proof of concept? ›

If a proof of concept validates for product-solution fit, a prototype begins to validate for product-market fit. To do this, prototypes should primarily test for these two assumptions: usability and desirability.

What is POC in cyber security? ›

A proof of concept (PoC) is a demonstration that a certain idea or method works. In computer security this often means that hackers show that they have been able to make use of a security flaw in software or hardware.

What is POC call center? ›

Point of Contact (POC) - Create New for Inbound Phone | RingCentral Contact Center. Creating a Point of Contact. Personal Connection Dialer.

How long does it take to develop a proof of concept? ›

From our experience, creating a proof of concept usually takes a 3–4-week sprint; however, it can take up to 12 months to move your idea from POC to prototype. If you'd like to learn more about prototyping and how to move beyond that stage, we've written a blog about it before.

What is POC testing? ›

Point of care (POC) testing is medical testing that is performed outside of a laboratory setting. POC testing is also known as bedside testing, near-patient testing, remote testing, mobile testing and rapid diagnostics.

What does POC mean in software? ›

A POC (proof of concept) is an advanced demo project that reflects a real-world scenario. Since developing products from emerging technologies can be too risky or troublesome, POCs are often used to “prove” that a new technology, service, or idea is viable for the market.


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