Locating the most common accounting jobs and salaries are a legitimate concern among prospective students who are contemplating a career in the field. As the term “accounting” can cover a wide array of career options, you should know which ones are most widely available and your potential earnings.
There are many accounting specializations; however, with an undergraduate degree in accounting, most graduates find that entry-level positions are readily available for them. If you wish to procure an advanced position in management or perhaps, go into a specific concentration within accounting, a master’s degree may be required.
Common Accounting Jobs and Salaries
This is the most common route for accounting graduates. A tax accountant’s job is to look into financial records and taxes for an individual, private companies, corporations, or organizations. You’ll need to assess if the company is running efficiently and profitably. On average, entry-level accountants earn $44,480 per year. You should obtain at least an undergraduate in Accounting for this position. CPA credentials can boost your opportunities of landing better jobs and making more at approximately $71,550 annually.
Taxaccountants are categorized into public accountants, management accountants,and government accountants. In any of these, you need to have a strong foundationalknowledge of taxation laws. You also have to be adept in dealing with financialdisclosures.
Public accountants perform a broad spectrum of tasks aside from accounting such as consultations and audits for individuals, corporations, and government entities. They conduct tax reform consultation and make recommendations for tax advantages, income returns, and similar tax matters concerning businesses and organizations.
To become a public accountant, you’ll need to be a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and have your financial reports checked by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for annual and quarterly reports. A popular Public Accounting specialization is Forensic Accounting that involves investigating embezzlements and frauds and testifying in court.
ManagementAccountants are also known as private or corporate accountants. Though yourfunction will be similar to that of a public accountant, the reports you’ll bemaking will be for internal purposes and not for public use. You will work onbudgeting, costing, and performance evaluation. You will work closely withasset managers who set allocations for various securities for maintaining orupgrading business profitability.
GovernmentAccountants examine and maintain government finances. They also audit privatebusinesses or individuals to ensure that revenues from their taxes areallocated and used in accordance with the law.
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
The primary function of a CFO is financial management. This is a senior position where you will be managing risks, do financial planning, and keep financial records. You also will assess cash flows, business performances, market opportunities, and risks. As CFO, you oversee the financial performance of all company departments, including IT, Human Resources, Accounting, and Finance.
A CFO’s reports are directly communicated to the CEO for evaluation and implementation of plans. Entry-level financial managers that are future CFOs earn an average of $129,890. Higher positions that involve corporate financials with experience and in a management position can make upwards of $208,000 per year.
To become a CFO, you’ll need to have an undergraduate degree in Accounting with at least five years of relevant work experience. Occasionally, a master’s degree is required.
Anauditor’s primary task is to check an organization’s financial sheets foraccuracy and regulatory compliance. You will test and validate the consistencyof accounting methods used by internal accountants. External auditors aretasked to check for financial information and techniques on behalf of another taxingentity or government agency. Internal auditors ensure the validity of their accountingmethods and find ways to improve the organization’s financial situation.
To become an auditor, you will need to have an undergraduate degree in accounting or finance. CPAs have higher opportunities for job employment. According to the BLS, on average, entry-level auditors earn roughly $44,480 per year. With experience, you can earn on average $71,550 annually.
Acontroller’s primary responsibility is to manage Accounting departmentpersonnel. Being in a senior management position, the controller looks into thefinancial activities of the company and reports these assessments directly tothe CFO. Some smaller companies combine the job of a CFO and a controller.
Unlikea regular accounting job, a cost accountant’s task is to measure all costsneeded to produce a good or deliver a service. You will determine the fixed andvariable budget for these services and products such as overhead costs, R&D(research and development), equipment costs, depreciation costs, and marketing.The data will be used for budget allocation, financial projection, and expense evaluation.You will likely work directly with other senior accountants and developstrategies in reaching business goals for the company.
To become a cost accountant, you will need at least a bachelor’s degree in finance or accounting and relevant work experience. Entry-level Cost Accounting positions pay between $51,834 to $63,335 on average per year.
Financialmanagers assess and evaluate the financial health of the institution with ahigh capacity to foresee risks and opportunities in various industries. You shouldhave an extensive background in statistics, analytics, and research as you willbe planning for the direction for the company’s investments with long-termsuccess in mind. You will be doing reports of these investigations and relay itto upper management for evaluation.
Financial managers need to have at least an undergraduate degree in accounting to be qualified. Entry level financial managers earn roughly $68,370 with senior positions earning you around $208,000 per year.
This is a specialized field in Accountancy where the principles of Accounting and Law intertwine. As a forensic accountant, you will investigate unusual or suspicious financial activities of an individual, a private company, or an organization. Forensic accountants are specially trained in unearthing financial frauds. You will likely be hired by the government in tracking people and groups in question. In conducting the investigation, Forensic Accountants reconstruct details of the financial sheets and testify in court with these findings.
An academic background in Accounting or Finance and Law will get you the job. Forensic Accountants earn anywhere between $71,550 and $124,550 per year.
Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
A Certified Public Accountant (CPA) can take on positions such as business consultant, public or private accountant, or auditor. You will be handling tax preparations, financial consultations, and corporate financial data. Because of their extensive training, CPAs are qualified for senior positions such as Chief Financial Officer or Financial Manager. The CPA exam is a four-part series that needs to be taken after graduating from accounting (whether as an undergraduate or graduate level). CPAs earn an average of $71,550 per year; however, with experience, they can earn upwards of $124,450 or more annually.
Accounts Payable Specialist
An account payable specialist does the work of a clerk but specializes in outgoing payments. You process payrolls and invoices, process check requests, give out payments, and keep records of these payments. Considering the nature of the job, accounts payable specialists need to possess high attention to detail and comfortable using accounting tools or software.
An undergraduate in Accounting is a prerequisite for entry-level positions. You will earn between $41,230 to $62,410 per year with this job.
As abookkeeper, you will sort through numerous financial accounts. You will documentall transactions in the general ledger. You will create financial statementsand other reports that are necessary for taxation or upper managementinformation. Some bookkeepers do this on a per-project basis or as freelancersfor small businesses and individuals.
Other accounting jobs that may be suitable foryou:
- Staff Accountant
- Accounts Receivable Specialist
- Accounting Manager
At GradSchoolCenter.com, we hope that the above list will help you make an informed decision about which branch of accounting is a good fit for you. While others may provide a better salary, the above ten jobs are the most popular career choices in accounting to consider. Think about beginning your career in one of these fine entry-level positions and then, after gaining some valuable experience, you will qualify for a management position or specialization in the field of accounting.
Check this out for more information: THE 30 HIGHEST PAYING ACCOUNTING JOBS AND SALARIES and THE ULTIMATE ACCOUNTING CAREER GUIDE: SALARY AND DEGREE INFO
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