The Official Web Site for The State of New Jersey (2023)

A Short History of New Jersey

Delaware Indians

The first people to live on the land now known as New Jersey were the Delaware Indians. They lived here starting at least 10,000 years ago. Anywhere from 8,000 to 20,000 Delaware Indians lived in the area when the first Europeans arrived. Their name means "original people" or "genuine people." They spoke an Algonquian dialect.

Though they were considered one tribe, the Delaware Indians didn't act as one unified group. Instead, they lived in small communities made up mostly of extended family members. The men would hunt or fish during the day. Depending on the season they might search for clams off the Jersey shore or hunt in the woods. The women worked in the gardens. They grew squash, beans, sweet potatoes, and corn.

When the first explorers came, the Delaware Indians lived in parts of Delaware, New Jersey, and eastern Pennsylvania. Europeans called them the Delaware Indians.

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Colonial Times

Around 1524, Giovanni de Verrazano became the first European to explore New Jersey. He sailed along the coast and anchored off Sandy Hook. The colonial history of New Jersey started after Henry Hudson sailed through Newark Bay in 1609. Although Hudson was British, he worked for the Netherlands, so he claimed the land for the Dutch. It was called New Netherlands.

Small trading colonies sprang up where the present towns of Hoboken and Jersey City are located. The Dutch, Swedes, and Finns were the first European settlers in New Jersey. Bergen, founded in 1660, was New Jersey's first permanent European settlement.

In 1664 the Dutch lost New Netherlands when the British took control of the land and added it to their colonies. They divided the land in half and gave control to two proprietors: Sir George Carteret (who was in charge of the east side) and Lord John Berkley (who was in charge of the west side). The land was officially named New Jersey after the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel. Carteret had been governor of the Isle of Jersey.

Berkeley and Carteret sold the land at low prices and allowed the settlers to have political and religious freedom. As a result, New Jersey was more ethnically diverse than many other colonies. Primarily a rural society, the colony grew to have about 100,000 people.

Eventually, governing power was transferred back to England. For many years, New Jersey shared a royal governor with New York. The governorship was finally split in 1738 when New Jersey got its own governor, Lewis Morris.


In the years before the Revolution, anti-British feelings spread throughout the state. About one-third of the people living here supported the rebels, one-third supported England, and one-third remained neutral. In 1776 New Jersey declared itself an independent state and joined the colonial side in the Revolutionary War.

New Jersey was an important state during the Revolutionary War because of its location near the center of the thirteen colonies and between New York City and Philadelphia. Because of this, more battles were fought in New Jersey than in any other state. The Americans and British fought 100 battles, both large and small, here.

Many people consider the Battle of Trenton to be the turning point of the Revolution. Immediately after winning Trenton, General George Washington won the battle of Princeton. Having lost two battles in a matter of hours, the British fled New Jersey for New York. Washington and his troops spent the rest of the winter in Morristown, and the United States was well on its way to victory.

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Battle of Trenton

In November of 1776 the British gained control of New Jersey and forced Washington to flee into Pennsylvania. They thought no one would fight during winter, so the British and Hessian soldiers in New Jersey divided into camps to stay until spring. Trenton was considered the most desirable post, and it went to the Hessian soldiers as a reward for their good service. The Hessians used the Old Barracks in Trenton as a headquarters.

The British didn't chase Washington across the Delaware River because it was full of blocks of ice that made it dangerous to cross. The Hessians didn't patrol along the river because they thought Washington couldn't cross back. But in December, Washington and his men decided to cross. Washington's men had to push away blocks of ice from the boat's path while paddling hard to fight the strong current.

Once across, Washington decided to separate and surprise the Hessians in Trenton from two sides. The plan worked, and the patriots captured 900 prisoners while only four American soldiers were wounded.

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Early Statehood

In 1787, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution and the first state to sign the Bill of Rights. In 1790, Trenton officially became the state capital of New Jersey. William Livingston became New Jersey's first state governor.

New Jersey grew and prospered during the early 1800s. New factories sprung up throughout the state. Paterson became a textile center and later became known for producing trains and silk. Trenton produced clay products, iron, and steel. Camden, Elizabeth, Jersey City, Newark, and Passaic all became major manufacturing centers in the 1800s.

New canals and railroads helped industry grow. Europeans came by the thousands to New Jersey to work in the factories.

South Jersey remained rural for the most part, growing the crops to feed the urban areas nearby. Railroads were important in helping the South Jersey seashore areas expand. In 1850, New Jersey's population of nearly half a million and the industries in which most of those people worked were concentrated in the north.

During the Civil War, New Jersey provided 31 regiments (groups of soldiers), including cavalry (soldiers on horseback) and infantry (soldiers on foot). Over 25,000 New Jersey men fought for the Union, and New Jersey soldiers participated in almost every major Eastern battle.

Industry, Immigrants and Innovation

After the Civil War, the industrial revolution was under way, and New Jersey continued to grow. More factories opened, and cities like Trenton, Newark, Paterson, and Camden got bigger as immigrants from Europe came to work in them. Railroads were laid to connect the cities and to transport materials.

At first, most immigrants came from Ireland and Germany. Later, people came from Italy and from countries throughout Eastern Europe. In 1910 half the state's population was born or had parents who were born outside the United States. As city populations grew, farm populations shrank.

With so many people working in factories, issues like child labor and protection for workers became important. The popularity of these reforms brought Woodrow Wilson to power as governor in 1910. He left office in 1913 to become President of the United States and is the only New Jersey governor to become president. As both governor and president Wilson supported welfare reforms to protect workers and to keep companies from becoming too big.

The state's economic expansion had a lot to do with the genius of its inventors. Thomas Edison is probably most famous. Among his thousands of inventions, including the light bulb, Edison helped develop the motion picture while working in New Jersey. Fort Lee became the motion picture capital of the world in the early 1900s. There, Fatty Arbuckle, Mary Pickford, Pearl White, and other stars revolutionized entertainment with their movies.

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The 1900s

Between 1900 and 1930, New Jersey's population more than doubled, and manufacturing became a $4 billion industry. Unfortunately, the Great Depression of the 1930s hit New Jersey hard, bringing massive unemployment. The state rebounded during World War II in the 1940s as New Jersey's electronics and chemical industries began large-scale operations.

In the mid-1900s, people began moving back into the rural areas from the overcrowded cities. A number of transportation projects helped better connect New Jersey. The New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway opened in the 1950s.

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The history of air travel has close ties to New Jersey. On May 3, 1919, the first passenger flight in American history was flown from New York to Atlantic City. Today, New Jersey is home to two international airports, Newark and Atlantic City. Newark Airport expanded its passenger and cargo services in 1963. In the 1980s, it became one of the world's busiest airports.

Today New Jersey is recognized for its present as well as its past. While remembering its proud history, New Jersey will continue to be the setting for many of the great events of the future.


How do I check my NJ state tax balance? ›

Call the Customer Service Center at 609-292-6400 during normal business hours for assistance if you cannot access the online inquiry, or if you need to verify payments or credits for tax years that are not available online. Verify the amounts of your New Jersey estimated tax payments and credits.

Why do I owe NJ state taxes this year? ›

Why Would You Owe Use Tax? You owe Use Tax if you bought a taxable item or service outside of New Jersey and: You didn't pay sales tax of any kind, or. You paid sales tax to another jurisdiction at a rate lower than New Jersey's.

How do I know if my NJ unemployment claim was approved? ›

If you filed your claim online, you may check the status of your claim by going to (have your confirmation number available).

What is the state of New Jersey phone number? ›

Information about the directory

NJDirect should be available at . To obtain more detailed employee phone information, contact the State Telephone Operators at 609-292-2121.

How do I check my tax information online? ›

You can access your federal tax account through a secure login at Once in your account, you can view the amount you owe along with details of your balance, view 18 months of payment history, access Get Transcript, and view key information from your current year tax return.

How much state tax do I owe NJ? ›

Sales Tax and Sales Tax Rates

New Jersey charges a sale and use tax of 6.625%.

At what age do you stop paying property taxes in NJ? ›

You must be age 55 or older as of December 31 of the pretax year.

What age do you stop paying income taxes? ›

Anyone over the age of 65 can skip filing taxes if their income is under $14,700 in 2022. If it's a married couple, both over the age of 65, filing jointly their taxable income needs to be below $27,300. If social security is the only income, it is not considered taxable income.

Is NJ getting a rebate check 2022? ›

Distributing Middle Class Tax Relief: In FY2022, over 760,000 New Jersey families will receive an up to $500 tax rebate due to the millionaires tax enacted by the Governor and the Legislature last fall.

Will I get back pay for unemployment nj? ›

All claims have a start date of the Sunday of the week in which the worker files the unemployment application, so there is no rush to file on the day you cannot work. As long as you file by Saturday at midnight, you will receive credit back to the previous Sunday.

How do you know if you are denied unemployment nj? ›

You will receive a Notice of Determination letter from the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development (DLWD) if your unemployment claim has been denied. The determination letter will explain why your claim was denied and provide information on the appeals process.

How do I know if my unemployment claim was approved? ›

You can check your claim status online at Unemployment Benefits Services or call Tele-Serv at 800-558-8321. We use information from you and your last employer to determine if you qualify.

What is the 311 number for New Jersey? ›

Available anytime and everywhere in New Jersey

Our statewide service is free, confidential, multilingual and always open. Three easy ways to reach us: Dial 2-1-1; text your zip code to 898-211; or chat with us online.

How do I contact a NJ state representative? ›

You may telephone (609) 292-4840, or 800-792-8630 (toll free in New Jersey). For the hearing impaired (TDD), telephone (609) 777-2744 or 800-257-7490 (toll free in New Jersey). The fax number is (609) 777-2440. You may also e-mail your questions to

What is my phone number? ›

For every Android phone, regardless of manufacturer, you'll be able to find your phone number if you go to Settings > About Phone or About Device > Status > My phone number. Some Android phones will have SIM or SIM card status listed within Status.

How can I find out if the IRS owes me money? ›

Use Where's My Refund, call us at 800-829-1954 (toll-free) and use the automated system, or speak with a representative by calling 800-829-1040 (see telephone assistance for hours of operation). If you filed a married filing jointly return, you can't initiate a trace using the automated systems.

How does the IRS know if you owe taxes? ›

Why the copies for all of these? The IRS uses information returns to double-check you. “What the IRS will do once you file your tax return, whether you're e-filing or filing on paper, they go ahead and match up what's in their system of records and compare that to what you have on your return,” Jackson says.

Can I scan my tax return online? ›

Using your phone or tablet camera, you can scan tax documents and save them onto your device. This story is part of Taxes 2022, CNET's coverage of the best tax software and everything else you need to get your return filed quickly, accurately and on-time.

How long can NJ state collect back taxes? ›

Statute of Limitations

In New Jersey, the Division has six years from the date of the first assessment to file a COD with the New Jersey Superior Court against the taxpayer for the delinquent tax due.

How much money can you make without paying taxes in NJ? ›

NJ Income Tax – Who Must File
your filing status is:and your gross income from everywhere for the entire year was more than the filing threshold:
Single Married/CU partner, filing separate return$10,000
Married/CU couple, filing joint return head of household, Qualifying widow(er)/surviving CU partner$20,000
12 May 2021

What happens if you don't pay NJ state taxes? ›

Penalties, Interest, and Collection Fees. When a tax return is filed after the due date or the tax due is paid late, penalty and interest charges may be assessed. In some instances, we may also impose collection fees. We charge interest for every month (or part of a month) your tax remains unpaid.

What age is senior discount NJ? ›

Among those eligible for consideration are persons 65 and older, or blind, or disabled as defined by the Social Security Administration.

Can senior citizens freeze their property taxes in NJ? ›

NJ Senior Freeze Property Tax Relief for 2022

Aging in place shouldn't have to be a struggle. You can FREEZE your property taxes at the current level through the Senior Freeze property tax reimbursement program. Find out more.

Is there a tax break for seniors in NJ? ›

New Jersey does indeed provide several property tax breaks for residents who are 65 or older. One is the Senior Freeze property tax reimbursement program.

Do you have to pay taxes on Social Security after age 70? ›

Yes, Social Security is taxed federally after the age of 70. If you get a Social Security check, it will always be part of your taxable income, regardless of your age. There is some variation at the state level, though, so make sure to check the laws for the state where you live.

What is deducted from my Social Security check? ›

NOTE: The 7.65% tax rate is the combined rate for Social Security and Medicare. The Social Security portion (OASDI) is 6.20% on earnings up to the applicable taxable maximum amount (see below). The Medicare portion (HI) is 1.45% on all earnings.

Do seniors on Social Security have to file taxes? ›

Some of you have to pay federal income taxes on your Social Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have other substantial income in addition to your benefits (such as wages, self-employment, interest, dividends and other taxable income that must be reported on your tax return).

Is there a stimulus check for 2022? ›

Nearly 20 states approved stimulus payments in one form or another in 2022, and residents in a dozen of them are still waiting for their money. If you live in one of the following 12 states and you haven't yet received a payment you qualified for, don't panic — the check might be in the mail.

Is New Jersey getting any stimulus checks? ›

This is in addition to fall 2021, when Murphy and the state legislature approved a budget that included $500 checks to 1 million New Jersey residents. In early March, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham approved a measure that would give residents $250 for earning less than $75,000 a year and a $500 rebate for all residents.

Are we getting a stimulus check in July 2022? ›

State leaders say an estimated 23 million people qualify for the checks, which will be sent out between October 2022 and January 2023. The payment is only available to residents who have lived in California for at least 6 months in the 2020 tax year or who are living in the state by the time the check is issued.

What is the maximum unemployment benefit in nj for 2022? ›

The weekly benefit rate is capped at a maximum amount based on the state minimum wage. For 2022, the maximum weekly benefit rate is $804. We will calculate your weekly benefit rate at 60% of the average weekly wage you earned during the base year, up to that maximum.

How long can you collect unemployment in nj 2022? ›

Unemployment benefits provide 60% of average wages, with a maximum of $804/week in 2022 for 26 weeks. Individuals who exhaust these benefits may be eligible for additional weeks. Please review the FAQs for helpful tips and information before applying online at

Can I collect unemployment if I quit? ›

In every state, an employee who voluntarily quits a job without good cause is not eligible for unemployment.

What disqualifies you from getting unemployment in nj? ›

If you were fired for any reason that is serious enough to be considered a crime of the first, second, third, or fourth degree under the New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice, you may be disqualified from collecting benefits indefinitely. This is known as a gross misconduct discharge.

Can I collect unemployment if I quit my job due to stress in nj? ›

New Jersey's unemployment law says that a worker is disqualified from benefits if the worker “left work voluntarily without good cause attributable to the work.” Most people who read this law would think a person shouldn't be disqualified unless the person chose to leave the job.

How long does it take for nj unemployment to be approved? ›

The first time you claim benefits will be on a Wednesday, 17 days after your date of claim. To receive your unemployment insurance benefits, you must certify for benefits each week which you wish to receive benefits.

How is a pending claim processed? ›

Payers will assign a claim the Pending status as an intermediate state. This indicates that they'll update the claim status soon. Next step: We recommend waiting up to one week to allow the payer time to update the claim to its final status.

How long does it take for unemployment to be approved? ›

It takes at least three weeks to process a claim for unemployment benefits and issue payment to most eligible workers. When your first benefit payment is available, you will receive a debit card in the mail.

What time does unemployment direct deposit in NJ? ›

Keep in mind, benefits will be available on your card two business days after each payment date, at 9AM.

What does 211 help with in NJ? ›

Every day, clients contact 211 to access free and confidential crisis and emergency counseling, disaster assistance, food, health care and insurance assistance, stable housing and utilities payment assistance, employment services, veteran services and childcare and family services.

What is 211 used for in NJ? ›

The statewide information and referral service began in 2002 when the United Ways of New Jersey spearheaded efforts to give people-in-need an easy way to find health and human services by encouraging the Board of Public Utilities to designate the NJ 2-1-1 Partnership as the sole administrator of the three digit dialing ...

What is the difference between 311 and 911? ›

311 was designed to take all those calls to 911 that aren't true emergencies. But even non-emergencies can escalate into serious situations. Here's a list of a few of the most common reasons to call 311: Sidewalk and road repairs.

How can I talk to my local representative? ›

If you know who your representative is but you are unable to contact them using their contact form, the Clerk of the House maintains addresses and phone numbers of all House members and Committees, or you may call (202) 224-3121 for the U.S. House switchboard operator.

How do I connect with representatives? ›

The easiest thing is to call their offices directly. But if for some reason you are unable to do that, you also have the option of dialing 202-224-3121. This number will direct you to the Capitol switchboard. When you call, ask to be connected to your senator or representative.

How do I get a live person at the DMV NJ? ›

How do I talk to a live person at NJ DMV? Conversation. Please call our Customer Service hotline at (609) 292-6500.

What is the code to check phone number? ›

Using USSD codes

Here's is the USSD code for Airtel, BSNL, Jio, and Vi to look for your mobile number: Airtel- *282# BSNL- *222# Jio- *1#

What is this phone's SIM number? ›

Find My SIM Card Number on an Android

1. Go to Settings > About Phone > Status, then scroll down and locate the ICCID (SIM Card) number.

Can someone find your address from your phone number? ›

Not many people are aware of this, but you can actually find an address with a phone number through a method called the reverse phone lookup.

Can I pay my NJ state taxes online? ›

Online filers can use this electronic payment system once their return has been accepted and processed. If you are using a tax preparer or third-party software provider to file your return, check with them to make sure a payment has not already been scheduled to avoid making a duplicate payment.

How do I speak to someone at NJ state tax? ›

General Tax Information
  1. 609-826-4400 or 1-800-323-4400.
  2. Listen to prerecorded information on common tax issues.

Do I have unclaimed money in NJ? ›

How do I find out if I have any unclaimed property being held by the State of New Jersey? A search can be completed by going to our 'Search for Unclaimed Property' page and following the instructions for locating property and submitting a claim.

Do seniors have to file NJ state taxes? ›

Age is not a factor in determining whether a person must file.

At what age do you stop paying taxes in New Jersey? ›

To qualify, you must be age 65 or older, or a permanently and totally disabled individual or the unmarried surviving spouse, age 55 or more, of such person.

How long can you go without paying property taxes in NJ? ›

Depending on the situation, you usually get around two years or six months after a tax lien sale to redeem your home in New Jersey. If you fail to pay your property taxes, the past-due amount becomes a lien on your home. This type of lien almost always has priority over other liens, including mortgages.

Who can I call to answer tax questions? ›

Contact the IRS

For the fastest information, the IRS recommends finding answers to your tax questions online. You can also call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040 or TTY: 1-800-829-4059. This option works best for less complex questions. Keep in mind that wait times to speak with a representative may be long.

How do I talk to a live person at NJ DMV? ›

You may write to the Motor Vehicle Commission, Motor Vehicle Commission, Customer Advocacy Office, P.O. Box 403, Trenton, NJ 08666-0403 or telephone that agency at (609) 292-6500 or call (888) 486-3339 (toll free in New Jersey).

How do I talk to a live person at the ITS? ›

Call (800) 829-1040. Choose your language (Press 1 for English) Press 2 to speak with a live IRS person about your personal income tax.

What happens if I don't claim all my income? ›

Not reporting cash income or payments received for contract work can lead to hefty fines and penalties from the Internal Revenue Service on top of the tax bill you owe. Purposeful evasion can even land you in jail, so get your tax situation straightened out as soon as possible, even if you are years behind.

What happens if you owe taxes but cant pay? ›

If you can't pay all or some of the taxes you owe, you can apply for a Long-term payment plan (installment agreement). The agreement allows you to pay any taxes you owe in monthly installments.

Does NJ tax cancellation of debt? ›

For Income Tax (GIT) purposes, cancellation of debt (COD) or forgiveness of debt income is not subject to tax.

What is the best website to find unclaimed money? › is the website of the National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators. This is a legitimate site created by state officials to help people search for funds that may belong to you or your relatives. Searches are free.

Do I have unclaimed benefits? ›

There are various ways to find out if you have an unclaimed benefit due: Visit the FSCA website, which has a built-in search engine to check if you are owed any benefits. Visit the Liberty website and add your or your relative's details for a quick and easy check.

How do I check if I have an unclaimed benefit? ›

Unclaimed Benefits Search Engine
  1. 0800 20 3722.
  2. Tip-Offs - 0800 313 626.


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